Believe It Or Not… There Actually Is Some Downside Risk
BALTIMORE – Not much action in the stock market last week. A few little steps ahead to over the 18,000 line for the Dow. Then a few little steps back. Currently the index sits at 17,732.
Fed chief Janet Yellen has made it clear she won’t do anything to disturb investors’ sleep. But that doesn’t mean they won’t have nightmares.
Our research department – headed by Nick Rokke and Chad Champion – reports that you get less for your money in America’s capital markets today than at any time in history. This is not good news. It tells us there is far more downside risk than upside potential.
Meanwhile, the U.S. economy continues to slow. From the high-water mark of 3.9% annual GDP growth in the second quarter of 2015, the latest figures (for the first quarter of this year) show the economy expanding at an annual rate of just 0.8%.
GDP growth (quarterly annualized) is certainly nothing to write home about. While GDP is an extremely flawed measure of economic growth, its recent weakness is confirmed by the far more comprehensive and reliable gross output data of the US economy.
And last week, we learned job creation tumbled in May, with just 38,000 new jobs added versus the 162,000 new jobs Wall Street was expecting. It was the worst report in six years. And it took the labor participation rate – the percentage of the working-age population either working or looking for work – back to a level not seen since 1976.
These things do not justify high stock prices. Instead, they buzz in your ear like mosquitoes at an evening picnic. The Zika virus cannot be far off. Most likely, the economy has already begun to get the shakes. If not, the recession will probably begin sometime in the next 12 months.
Nick checks the netting:
“Measured by EV/EBITDA, the Russell 2000 Index – which tracks stocks of small U.S. companies – is the most expensive ever. EV stands for enterprise value. This tracks the value of all shares plus all debt. EBITDA stands for earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization. It’s considered the purest measure of company’s earnings. EV/EBITDA is a common multiple when discussing takeover targets. If this measure is low, the company becomes a takeover target. This creates a floor and keeps prices from falling. When it reaches all-time highs, the floor is far below current prices.”
The EV/EBITDA ratio for the Russell 2000 is about 19. This is only slightly below its all-time high of 21 set at the start of the year. Typically, the index trades on a ratio of about 12. That suggests a fall of 38% for U.S. small caps – a plunge equal to the fifth worst bear market in the past 90 years.
Russell 2000, weekly. The blue line connecting the 2015 and 2016 highs shows that the RUT is diverging greatly from big cap indexes and averages like the S&P 500 and the DJIA right now, as it has failed to rebound to its previous peak. Since this index was one of the clear upside leaders during most of the preceding bull market, this is quite worrisome. Although this is not necessarily always meaningful, long term tops are often preceded by such divergences – click to enlarge.
Of course, we’ve been wrong before. And whatever youthful bravery might have accompanied our earlier guesswork, it left us when arthritis moved in. Now, we make no predictions and offer no forecasts. We simply note that based on where valuations are, now is unlikely to be a good time to increase your exposure to U.S. stocks.
Remember, our investment strategy is based on ignorance, not knowledge. We have no knowledge of the future. All we have is some dim awareness of the past. What we see in the past are patterns. And since those patterns can be seen in many different markets over many years, we presume them to be fairly reliable.
So, although we can’t predict that the stock market will go down, or when, or to where… we can still note that it always has in the past, though not according to any reliable schedule. Maybe this time is different. Most likely, it’s not.
U.S. stocks are expensive. The best bet is probably that they will be less expensive in the future. Then they will be expensive again.
The DJIA from 1900 – 1962: it took 25 years to regain the manic peak of 1929 – in nominal terms. Stocks for the long run? Buy and hold? It really depends – when stocks are overvalued, it is usually an exceedingly bad strategy.
Note that these cycles are extremely long. The U.S. stock market hit a high in 1929. It didn’t do so again until 1954. There have been a couple of highs, in 2000 and 2007, but this is higher than any of them. That’s right – this could be the big one!
Charts by: StockCharts, Bonner& Partners
Chart and image captions by PT
The above article originally appeared as “This Record High Is Terrible News for Stock Bulls” at the Diary of a Rogue Economist, written for Bonner & Partners. Bill Bonner founded Agora, Inc in 1978. It has since grown into one of the largest independent newsletter publishing companies in the world. He has also written three New York Times bestselling books, Financial Reckoning Day, Empire of Debt and Mobs, Messiahs and Markets.